Keith A. Wailoo's recent book, Dying in the City of the Blues: Sickle Cell Anemia and the Politics of Race and Health (University of North Carolina Press, 2001), has been awarded the Lillian M Smith Book Award for Non-fiction from the Southern Regional Council. Since 1968, "the award has been presented each year to recognize and encourage outstanding writing about the American South... honoring those authors who, through their writing, carry on Smith's legacy of elucidating the condition of racial and social inequity and proposing a vision of justice and human understanding." Over the decades, the book award has been presented to works by novelists and poets (Alice Walker, Gloria Naylor); social commentators and activists (Robert Coles, John Lewis, Hal Crowther, Marian Wright Edelman, Bob Moses); historians (C. Vann Woodward, Jacqueline Dowd Hall, Charles Payne); and other humanities scholars (Henry Louis Gates).
Dying in the City of the Blues also won the American Political Science Association (Section on Race, Ethnicity, and Politics) award for best book on "the social and legal dimensions of race and ethnicity in the United States."
Recently, Wailoo's book was also awarded the Susanne M. Glasscock Humanities Book Prize for Interdisciplinary Scholarship from the Melbern G. Glasscock Center for Humanities Research -- based at Texas A&M.